Il est quatre heures quarante. It is four forty. It's going very well merci thank you et toi? Aujourd'hui c'est quel 1a Today is what day? Tomorrow is what 2a Demain c'est quel jour Duhman say kell jzoor day? Asking for the date. Quelle est la date What is the date 3a kell ay lah daht aujourd'hui?
Asking for the time. Il est quatre heures quinze. V: The days of the week. Comment vas-tu? How are you? And you, it goes fine? It goes well. You're coming to my party?
I'm organizing a little party. C'est quand? Daniel March 3rd at PM. March 3rd, agreed. You're having it at your place? Oui c'est chez moi. On va danser toute la nuit. Daniel Yes, it's at my place.
I have invited a set of twenty friends. We4 are going to dance all night. So long. Daniel Until tomorrow, good day. Its adjective equivalent is bon ne , which means good. Since je vais, meaning I go, uses an action verb, the adjective bien is used. In English, I'm good, which uses the linking verb am, is followed by an adjective rather than an adverb. This is used in a similar manner to do in English. Instead of You want it?
Est-ce que Chez moi is used to say at my place. Chez [name] is used to say at [name's] place. Le directeur Enter! Bonjour, monsieur le directeur. Est-ce que vous allez bien? Daniel Hello, Mr.
Are you well? Je vais bien merci. Et vous, comment allez-vous? Le directeur I am well, thank you. And you, how are you? Je vais bien. Je l'organiserais le 3 mars vers 14 h. Daniel I'm well. I want to ask you if it is possible to organize a party for my birthday. I would organize it the third of March around PM. Le directeur And you want to organize it where? Daniel In the large conference room on the second floor. We would need it until PM, the time of cleaning everything.
Le directeur Agreed! I hope that I would be invited? Merci Beaucoup! Daniel Of course! Thanks a lot! Au revoir! Le directeur Good-bye! Au revoir et encore merci! Daniel Good-bye and thanks again. Once that's done, you're ready to begin your very first traditional French lesson! After you have completed this level, you can move on to the next level. Finally, go to the lessons planning page if you would like to help improve this course. The nouns that express entities without gender e.
This form can be masculine or feminine. For example, la voiture the car can only be feminine; le stylo the pen can only be masculine. There are some nouns that express entities with gender for which there is only one form, which is used regardless of the actual gender of the entity, for example, the word for person; personne; is always feminine, even if the person is male, and the word for teacher; professeur; is always masculine even if the teacher is female.
Professeur can be shortened to prof. While the long form, professeur, is always masculine, even when referring to female teachers, prof can be either masculine or feminine. In this book, the definate article will come before a noun in vocabulary charts.
If the definate article is l due to elision, m will follow a noun to denote a masculine gender and f will follow a noun to denote a feminine gender. Unfortunately, there are many exceptions in French which can only be learned. There are even words that are spelled the same, but have a different meaning when masculine or feminine; for example, un livre m means a book, but une livre f means a pound!
Some words that appear to be masculine like la photo, which is actually short for la photographie are in fact feminine, and vice versa. Then there are some that just don't make sense; la foi is feminine and means a belief, whereas le foie means liver. To help overcome this hurdle which many beginners find very difficult, be sure to learn the genders along with the words. Unlike English, the definite article is used to talk about something in a general sense, a general statement or feeling about an idea or thing.
In French, the definite article is changed depending on the noun's: 1. Gender 2. Plurality 3. First letter of the word There are three definite articles and an abbreviation. It is similar to english, where "a" changes to "an" before a vowel. However, the -s ending is not pronounced. It is the article that tells the listener whether the noun is singular or plural. Fils: Most singular nouns do not end in -s.
The -s is added for the plural form of the noun. Fils is one exception. Whenever the singular form of a noun ends in -s, there is no change in the plural form. Fils pronounced feece is also an exception to this rule. When pronounced, the vowel sound is dropped. Again, indefinite articles in French take different forms depending on gender and plurality.
The articles "Un" and "une" literally mean "one" in French. Well when a word ending in a consonant is followed by a word beginning with a vowel sound, the consonant often becomes pronounced.
This is a process called liaison. When a vowel goes directly after un, the normally unpronounced n sound becomes pronounced. Liaison also occurs with des. Let's imagine you are looking at photographs in an album. In English, we would say "I am looking at photographs. If you were looking at a set of specific pictures, you would say "Je regarde les photographies.
To say What is it? You will be using Qu'est-ce que? Remember that the indefinate article un or une must agree with the noun it modifies. Il y a pronounced eel ee ah is used to say there is or there's and there are.
The phrase is used for both singular and plural nouns. The -s at the end of the most plural of most nouns tells you that the phrase is there are instead of there is.
In spoken French, when both the singular and plural forms almost always sound the same, the article and perhaps other adjectives modifying the noun is used to distinguish between singular and plural versions. You will soon learn that a is the present third person singular form of avoir, the verb meaing to have, and that y is a pronoun meaning there.
The phrase il y a, then, literally translates to he has there. You will see this phrase used in all French tenses. It is important to remember that verb stays as a form of be and not have. Like in English, il y a They are used to point out objects in front of you or in exclamatory sentences.
Elle est de Marseille. G: Subject pronouns French has six different types of pronouns: the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd person singular and the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd person plural.
The pronoun it does not exist in French. Il replaces all masculine nouns, even those that are not human. The same is true with elle and feminine nouns. In addition to the nuances between vous and tu, as discussed earlier, French pronouns carry meanings that do not exist in English pronouns.
The French third person "on" has several meanings, but most closely matches the now archaic English "one". Also, while the third person plural "they" has no gender in English, the French equivalents "ils" and "elles" do. However, when pronounced, they normally sound the same as "il" and "elle", so distinguishing the difference requires understanding of the various conjugations of the verbs following the pronoun.
Also, if a group of people consists of both males and females, the male form is used, even if there is only one male in a group of thousands of females. For more, see the Wikipedia entry. G: Introduction to Verbs A verb is a word that describes an action or mental or physical state.
Tenses and Moods French verbs can be formed in four moods, each of which express a unique feeling. Each mood has a varying number of tenses, which indicate the time when an action takes place.
In the next section, we will look at the conjugations in the present tense of the indicative mood, more commonly called the present indicative. There is one conjugation for each of the six subject pronouns.
Infinitives In this book, the infinitive form of the verb will be used to identify it. In French, the infinitive is one word. For example, parler translates to to speak, finir translates to to finish, and aller translates to to go. Conjugation French verbs conjugate, which means they take different shapes depending on the subject. Most French verbs will conjugate into many different forms. Most verbs are regular, which means that they conjugate in the same way. The most common verbs, however, are irregular.
It is an irregular verb, and is not conjugated like any other verb. I am a lawyer. Il est beau. He is handsome. They will become very useful in forming tenses. To respond poitevely, you say Oui, je suis d'accord. In English, one would say Okay. G: Cities and Nationalities To say what city you are from, you use the preposition de.
When stating your nationality or job, it is not necessary to include the article. This is an exception to the normal rule. There is both a masculine and feminine form of saying your nationality - for males and females respectively.
In the next lesson, you will learn how to say the nationality of more than one person. Check for understanding Please use the the nationalities list to find out what your nationality is in French.
Then say what city you are from and what nationality you are. Then say what nationality some of your friends are, and what city they are from. For example, Marie est italienne. Elle est de Rome. Most adjectives, such as those above, are affected by this rule. Exceptions and Irregularities Adjectives that end in e in the masculine form do not change in gender. When an adjective, such as gros, ends in -s, it does not change in the masculine plural form.
Sometimes the final consonant is doubled in the feminine form. Elle est petite. Ils sont petits. Elles sont petites. Il est moyen. Elle est moyenne. Ils sont moyens. Elles sont moyennes. Il est grand. Elle est grande. Ils sont grands. Elles sont grandes. Il est gros. Elle est grosse. Ils sont gros. Elles sont grosses. Elle est blonde. Ils sont blonds.
Elles sont blondes. Il est brun. Elle est brune. Ils sont bruns. Elles sont brunes. Elle est intelligente. Elles sont intelligentes. Il est amusant. Elle est amusante. Ils sont amusants. Elles sont amusantes.
This process is called liaison. In this book, will will show that the sound is connected usung z. Examples J'ai deux stylos. I have two pens. You have three brothers. He has an idea. Expressing Age Avoir is used to express age. G: Direct Object Pronouns le, la, and les le, la, and les are called direct object pronouns, because they are pronouns that are, you guessed it, used as direct objects.
A direct object is a noun that is acted upon by a verb. In the above sentence la boule is the direct object. You have learned earlier that names and regular nouns can be replaced by the subject pronouns je, tu Similary, direct objects, such as "la boule", can be replaced by pronouns.
Le, la, and les can replace either people or inanimate objects. To conjugate, drop the -er to find the "stem" or "root". Add endings to the root based on the subject and tense. Example: J'attends. Also, as a rule of thumb: h is considered a vowel; as in J'habite If a phrase is negative, ne changes to n'.
In all plural forms, the s at the end of each subject pronoun, normally unpronounced, becomes a z sound and the n of on becomes pronounced when followed by a vowel. It is a type of pronominal verb a verb that includes a pronoun as part of it called a reflexive verb, which means that the action of the verb is reflected back onto the subject. Literally translated, the verb means I amuse myself.
When negating a sentence, remember that the negative goes around the conjugated verb. Besides the new vocabulary you should also have a look at how the verbs are conjugated depending on the subject of the sentence.
What are you doing? You will learn their conjuagtion in a later lesson. G: Indirect Object Pronouns lui and leur Indirect objects are prepositional phrases with the object of the preoposition An indirect object is a noun that receives the action of a verb. Lui and leur are indirect object pronouns. Whether lui means to him or to her is given by context.
In English, "He throws him the ball" is also said, and means the same thing. When used with the direct object pronouns le, la, and les, lui and leur come after those pronouns. Note that while le, la, and les are used to replace people or inanimate objects, lui and leur are not used to replace innanimate objects and things.
It can be used to refer to both sports and instruments. As always, jouer must be conjugated rather than left in the infinitive. Partir is used in other phrases.
You will learn how to conjugate these verbs in a future lesson. G: Faire The verb faire is translated to to do or to make. It is irregularly conjugated it does not count as a regular -re verb. Exercises Try to describe your house or bedrooom using the vocabulary. Don't forget prepositions. You may also wish to talk about what housework you do.
Nous avons aussi un bureau avec 3 ordinateurs : un par personne! La cuisine est toute petite et nous y mangeons le soir. Il y a une petite table et 4 chaises. Le jardin est assez grand et nous y faisons pousser des fleurs. The ne is placed before the verb, while the pas is placed after. He is [a] lawyer. Il n'est pas avocat. He is not [a] lawyer. Nous faisons nos devoirs. We are doing our homework. Nous ne faisons pas nos devoirs. We are not doing our homework. Je joue du piano.
I play the piano. Je ne joue pas du piano. I do not play the piano. Vous vendez votre voiture. You sell your car. Vous ne vendez pas votre voiture. You do not sell your car. Examples Il est belge.. He is Belgian. Il n'est pas belge. He is not Belgian. Nous lisons un livre. We read a book. Nous ne lisons pas de We do not read a book. Je mange une cerise. I eat a cherry. Je ne mange pas de cerise. I do not eat a cherry. Cold and Windy Weather Il fait chaud. It's warm. Il fait froid.
It's cold. The skiy is clear. Il fait du vent. It's windy. The skiy is clearing up. Le vent souffle. The wind blows. Le soleil brille. The sun is shining. It's snowing. The rain falls. Il y a un orage! There's a storm! Il pleut. It's raining. It rained. It's going to rain. Le temps est pluvieux. G: Aller The verb aller is translated to to go. It is irregularly conjugated it does not count as a regular -er verb.
Usage There is no present progressive tense in French, so aller in the present indicative is used to express both I go and I am going. Aller must be used with a place and cannot stand alone. Instead of a preposition and place, you can use the pronoun y, meaning there. Y comes before the verb.
Remember that aller must be used with a place there or a name when indicating that you are going somewhere, even if a place wouldn't normally be given in English.
Remember that the negative goes around the conjugated verb. Liaison Usually, whenever a vowel sound comes after However, since allons and allez begins with vowels, nous allons is pronounced nyoozahloh and vous allez is pronounced voozahlay. In order to have a pleasing and clean sound, two liaisons should not go connsecultively. To conjugate, drop the -ir edit lesson to find the "stem" or "root". In English the possessive adjective agrees with the subject his sister, her brother.
But in French, possessive adjectives act like all other adjectives: they must agree with the noun they modify. Liaison and Adjective Changes Liaison occurs when mon, ton, and son are followed by a vowel. Liaison also occurs with all plural forms, since they all end in s. Mon, ton, and son are used before a feminine singular noun.
Elision to m', t', or s' does not occur. To conjugate, drop the edit lesson -re to find the "stem" or "root". Add endings to the root based on the subject and comment tense, as demonstrated below for the present tense. Common -re Verbs Compared to -er verbs, -re verbs are not very common. You will however see the following verbs fairly often. Consonant Masc. Vowel Fem. The grammar now becomes a lot more advanced, and each lesson now gives much more information. Also remember to go to the lessons planning page if you would like to help improve this course.
You will eventually learn everything that is covered in edit lesson it, but if you would like a preview, read it, and if not, continue on to the school comment section. List of Tenses There are seven perfect tenses in French.
These are: 1. Le plus-que-parfait de l'indicatif The Pluperfect of the Indicative 3. Le plus-que-parfait du subjonctif The Pluperfect Subjunctive 4. Each tense and lists of irregular verb conjuagtions will be given later in this course.
Whereas American grade numbers go up as you approach your senior year, they descend in France. You will learn to conjugate it in the next section. While in English, you would say my hand or your hand, the definate article is always used in French. It is not necessary to add a preposition to the verb. With most verbs, that auxililary verb is avoir. Auxiliary Verb - Avoir Conjugate avoir in the present indicative. We have played. You have played. He has played. They have played. The culture of France is diverse, reflecting live version regional differences as well as the influence of recent immigration.
Also, try and discussion reflect on how your culture is similar and different to French culture. Others are regular -ir or -re verbs or are ask a question simply irregular. Voir is not a regular -ir verb, and is conjugated irregularly. How old are you? French butchers do not sell pork, pork products, nor horsemeat. For these products, go to a charcuterie. In France, bakeries only sell fresh bread; e.
G: Object Pronouns Review Direct Objects While the subject of a sentence initiates an action the verb , the direct object is the one that is affected by the action.
A direct object pronoun is used to refer to the direct object of a previous sentence: Pierre vois le cambrioleur. Pierre sees the burglar. Pierre le vois. Pierre sees him. For example, in te phrase Je les ai eus, or I had them, the past participle would be spelled eus if the direct object, les, was referring to a masculine object, and eues if les is referring to a feminine object.
Indirect Objects An indirect object is an object that would be asked for with To whom? Il lui donne du pain. He gives bread to him. When me, te, nous, and vous are used in a perfect tense, the writer must decide whether they are used as direct or indirect object pronouns. This is done by looking at the verb and seeing what type of action is being performed. The bread is given by the man direct. Pierre gets the given apple indirect.
G: -exer Verbs -exer are regular -er verbs, but also are stem changing. The stem change applies to all forms except nous and vous. However, when y is part of the last syllable, it changes to i in order to keep the ay sound. In the present indicative of -yer verbs, this affects all forms except nous and vous. Payer The verb payer translates to to pay. Note of a frenchman : "Qu'est-ce que vous voulez? We use mostly "Que voulez-vous? Same for "C'est tout?
Est-ce que vous avez des cerises? Marie : Oui Useful vocabulary here: "Qu'est-ce que vous avez The preposition de can indicate an origin, contents, possession, cause, manner, and several other things which will be covered later.
When le follows de, the de and le combine into du. Similarly, de and les combine into des. Some other verbs use sortir and partir as stems. One would normally use "une place" whenever "a seat" is used in English. Les films sont fascinants! Vous aimez les films? A common -rir verb is ouvrir. I went to the cinema. I came to France. The train has arrived. She left to go to work.
I stayed home. He returned to the restaurant. I fell into the pool. I was born in october. He died in I climbed to the top. He got out of the train. I went out with my friends. He came back early from school. Subject-Past Participle Agreement The past participles of the above verbs must agree with the the subject of a sentence in gender and plurality.
Note that there is no agreement if these verbs are conjugated with avoir. Note that lui and leur, and not y, are used when the the object refers the a person or persons. Replacement of Places - there The French pronoun y replaces a prepositional phrase referring to a place that begins with any preoposition except de for which en is used.
Note that en, and not y is used when the object is of the preposition de. However, if the subject were to act on someone else, the verb is no longer reflexive; instead the reflexive pronoun becomes a direct object. G: Pronominal Verbs Pronominal verbs are verbs that, put simply, include pronouns. These pronouns are me, te, se, nous, and vous and are used as either direct objects or indirect objects, depending on the verb that they modify.
There are three types of pronominal verbs: reflexive verbs, reciprocal verbs, and naturally pronominal verbs. Reflexive Verbs Reflexive verbs reflect the action on the subject. Reflexive verbs can also be used as infinitives. Reciprocal Verbs With reciprocal verbs, people perform actions to each other. Naturally Pronominal Verbs Some verbs are pronominal without performing a reflexive or reciprocal action.
Tu te souviens? Falloir is always used with the impersonal il only in the 3rd person singular, whereas devoir can be used with all subject pronouns in all tenses. Falloir expresses general necessities, such as "To live, one must eat" or "To speak French well, one must conjugate verbs correctly. Reflexive Verbs In perfect tenses, the past participles agree with the direct object pronoun, but not the indirect object pronoun, in gender and plurality.
Therefore it would only agree when the reflexive pronoun is the direct object. Also remember that the past participle does not agree with the direct object if it goes after the verb.
It therefore agrees with all reciprocal pronouns that function as direct objects. The reciprocal pronoun can also function as an indirect object without a direct object pronoun. Otherwise, the past participle agrees with the subject. Note that assis e es , the past participle of s'asseoir to sit , does not change in the masculine plural form. The most common -ger edit lesson verb is manger.
For manger and all other regular -ger verbs, the stem change is comment adding an e after the g. This only applies in the nous form. In this case, the change is made to preserve the soft g pronunciation rather than the hard g that would be report an error present if the e were not included.
As learnt earlier, de and le contract combine into du, as de and les contract into des. Also, instead of du or de la, de l' is used in front of vowels. When speaking about food, the partitive article is used at some times while the definite article le, la, les is used at other times, and the indefinite article un, une in yet another set of situations.
In general "de" refers to a part of food a piece of pie whereas the definite article le refers to a food in general I like pie in general. The indefinite article refers to an entire unit of a food I would like a whole pie. When speaking about preferences, use the definite article: J'aime la glace. I like ice cream. We prefer steak. Vous aimez les frites You like French fries. When speaking about eating or drinking an item, there are specific situations for the use of each article.
I ate the whole pie. I ate a pie. I ate some pie. In the negative construction, certain rules apply. As one has learnt in a previous lesson, un or une changes to de meaning, in this context, any in a negative construction. Similarly, du, de la, or des change to de in negative constructions. We ate a pie. We ate some pie. Note : Now you should understand better how that "Quoi de neuf? G: En Note how we say Je veux du pain to say 'I want some bread'? But what happens when we want to say 'I want some' without specifying what we want?
In these cases, we use the pronoun 'en'. As well, 'en' can mean 'of it' when 'it' is not specified. For instance, instead of saying J'ai besoin de l'argent, if the idea of money has already been raised, we can just say 'J'en ai besoin'.
This is because what en does is replace du, de la or des when there is nothing after it. Like with 'me', 'te' and other pronouns, en meaning 'some' comes before the verb. Tu joue du piano? Non, je n'en joue pas Do you play piano? No, I don't play it. Vous prenez du poisson? Oui, j'en prends. Are you having fish?
Yes, I'm having some. Oui, nous en avons Did you order some water? In France, bakeries only sell fresh bread. Do not confuse with le livre book.
I would like G: -cer Verbs -cer verbs are ragular -er verbs, but are also stem changing. The most common -cer verb is commencer. Savoir is used to say that you know someone by reputation or that you know a fact or piece of information.
In French, you call to someone, so the verb is used with indirect, and not direct, objects. G: Appeler Appeler is used to say what your name is. Appeler is a regular -er verb, but, as you may have noticed, is also stem changing. This is a much more rigorous presentation of the French language.
Several verb tenses will be introduced in this level, and there will now be more vocabulary sections in each lesson. But we didn't decide to stop there! This level will include longer lectures about a lesson's subject and will introduce you to real French literary works and news articles, such as Jean de La Fontaine's Fables.
Also remember that if you would like to help develop this course, go to the lessons planning page. V: Enlightenment, French Rev. Where are you from? If you are referring to a person, as in an Arab person or a Chinese person, the French equivalent is un Arabe or un Chinois. However, if you are referring to the Arabic language or Chinese language, the French would not capitalize: l'arabe; le chinois.
If the nationality is used as an adjective, it is normally left uncapitalized; un livre chinois, un tapis arabe. G: Perfect Tenses You will be learning several new perfect tenses in this level. French: Phrasebook! French in Your Face! Can't find what you're looking for? Try pdfdrive:hope to request a book. Previous 1 2 3 4 5 6 … 20 Next.This page includes vocabulary lists for beginners, intermediates as well as advanced learners. In a english to french language learning books free download pdf, this page will be very useful if you are learning the french language. If you like these vocabulary sheets and think they can help you progress in French, you can also check the lnaguage of French vocabulary lists. Everything on this page is free to download in PDF really! Apprendre le français Reasons To Learn French, Book Organization French has influenced many languages world wide, including English. Although every precaution has been taken in the preparation of this book, the publisher The one that says in only slightly accented, but perfect English, “I beg your language training, complemented by French films, an electronic learning. Free printable lessons to learn french online and download in PDF: french In a word, this page will be very useful if you are learning the french language. Student e‐book. Grammar. French Basics. Easy French Grammacal Explanaons in English and Praccal, Everyday Language. With More Than. Exercises. This is your easy to use list of English to French words and phrases to use while traveling in France or in a. French speaking country. These are some of the most. Whether you plan to embark on a new journey towards learning French or rich culture, literature, history and gastronomy of French speaking countries. Do you speak English? The book was well ahead of its time when it was written in. Name, File Size, Date, Downloads. English to french dictionary pdf free download, KB, Jun 29, , Download. which prouides the background for the couer of this book is the work of Claude Abron, a French UsefUl words to supplement the vocabulary with a limited number of The French definite article that corresponds ta English 'the' has several. Download with Facebook French Language Course From Wikibooks, the open-content textbooks collection Reasons To Learn French, Book Organization Lesson Learning French Advice For this reason, although English is a Germanic language, at least a third of the English lexicon is derived from French.