It provides articles on librarianship studies, library science, information science, information technology, information and knowledge organization, and management. The encyclopaedia includes articles on everything from traditional library terms to a vocabulary of modern avenues in information science and technology. Encyclopedia articles will include anything and everything required for an advanced study and reference on the Library and Information Science LIS topics, including biographies of famous librarians.
Library and Information Science Encyclopedia, which is currently under development, is envisioned to become an authoritative source for consultation and reference for any library or information profession related issue and a treasure hub of knowledge on Library and Information Science, which is open and free for all the library professionals worldwide.
Individual entries of the Library and Information Science Encyclopaedia appear in the form of an article in the blog. These are compiled here with a link to the original article and an abstract. In many cases, the abstract itself will satisfy your information needs about the subject.
For an advanced study, you must see the most revised and updated version of the original article by clicking on the provided hyperlink.
The word-by-word method of filing is used; acronyms and abbreviations, whether pronounceable or not, are treated as words and filed in the alphabetical sequence in their appropriate place. Words separated by a hyphen are treated as a single word. Where there is a choice between a full term and an acronym, the entry appears under whichever is likely to be more commonly found in the literature, with a reference from alternative expression.
Encyclopedia articles are revised from time to time, as required, to present the most up-to-date information on the subject. At the same time, new articles are continuously being added to the encyclopedia.
Access Point - Access Point refers to a name, term, code, heading, word, phrase etc. In a catalog, index, or other organized systems some examples of access points are, author, title, name person, family, corporate body, etc.
In modern cataloging using advanced Integrated Library Systems ILS , the machine-readable cataloging, almost any portion of the catalog record can serve as an access point. The advanced search of the Online Public Access Catalogs provides many options as access points. Acquisitions - Acquisitions or Library Acquisitions is the process of selecting and acquiring selected materials for library and information centers in all formats including digital items and maintaining the necessary records related to acquisitions.
First, the selections of materials are done according to the collection development policy of the library. It involves pre-order bibliographic searching of the library catalog to avoid duplication of materials. Then the selected materials are acquired by ordering them for purchase, exchange, or gift. This is followed by receiving the materials, checking their quality, processing invoices, making payment to vendors or individuals, and maintaining the necessary records related to acquisitions.
Acquisitions is the first function of Library Technical Services other two functions being cataloging and collections management. Acquisitions is also used to refer to the functional department Acquisitions Department responsible for all aspects of obtaining materials for libraries. Historically the acquisitions decisions were done by the chief librarian and the actual ordering done by the clerical staff and this is still true for small libraries.
Now for large libraries with big collections as well as sufficient budgets, acquisitions functions are performed by a separate unit known as Acquisitions Unit or Acquisitions Department. Publications from the calendar year prior to the Annual Conference in which the award is presented are eligible. Reprints of earlier publications will not be accepted It was first developed in and updated regularly until The revisions and updates of the standard are referred to as AACR2.
The second edition of Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules AACR2 is the most widely used cataloging code, designed for use in the construction of catalogs and other lists in general libraries of all sizes. AACR2 comprise a detailed set of rules and guidelines for producing metadata in a surrogate record to represent a library resource. The rules cover the standard description of areas like, the title, publisher, edition, series, etc.
AACR also provides rules for the formulation of standard forms of names and titles to provide access to and grouping of those descriptions. AACR2 standardized cataloging and ensured consistency within the catalog and between the catalogs of libraries using the same code in describing the physical attributes of library materials identically. AACR marked a shift from the previous cataloging rules, which were criticized for being too detailed, complex, and mere compilations of rules to handle specific bibliographic cases.
Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules are considered as the most important advances in English-language codes for descriptive cataloging during the twentieth century. Arlene G. Her career as a library school educator lasted more than 30 years, and included teaching at Columbia University and the University of Chicago. She is lead author or co-author of widely-used texts, including Introduction to Cataloging and Classification 6th to 11th editions and The Organization of Information four editions.
She has an extensive publication record of refereed articles, books and book chapters, and research reports, and she has given more than 90 guest presentations for national, state, and regional library associations, as well as library schools. Prior to earning her Ph. Taylor longed to return to North Carolina from the time she left in After she retired from teaching, she and her husband moved to Chapel Hill in She continues to write, working with former students on research articles and on new editions of her textbooks.
Since the Assigned Indexing uses the controlled vocabulary to give the indexing terms selected to represent the subject content of a work, so in this technique there is no need for the index terms to appear in the title or text of the document indexed.
In indexing, if the terms are selected from the title or the text of a document and used without any alteration as index terms, then this is referred to as natural language indexing or derived indexing. If however, the selected terms are translated or encoded into authorized terms by the help of a prescribed list, then the indexing language becomes controlled or artificial.
This process is called Assigned Indexing. We looked at ways in which printed indexes could be derived from information manifest in a document. We can also consider some of the ways in which files may be searched online, again using the information manifest in the document, e. By doing so we have to face the problems of natural language.
A discussion of these problems leads to the idea of assigned indexing. In other words, we devise an indexing language and use this for both encoding operations: input and question.
Such systems are referred to as assigned indexing systems. Assigned indexing involves an intellectual process. Subject heading schemes, thesaurus and classification schemes are the popular forms of assigned indexing. Assigned indexing is also known as concept indexing because what we are trying to do is to identify the concepts involved in each document. Authority Record is a record which gives the authoritative form the form selected for a heading of a personal name, corporate name, family name, place name, uniform or preferred title, series title, subject, etc.
To ensure consistency, an authority record is created for each authorized heading authorized access point for a proper name or a subject, etc. An authority record is made when a heading is established, i.
Authority control is the process that is applied to both descriptive and subject analysis parts of cataloging.
It ensures the consistency and correctness of names and subject headings entered into the bibliographic description. Authority Record - Authority Record is a record which gives the authoritative form the form selected for a heading of a personal name, corporate name, family name, place name, uniform or preferred title, series title, subject, etc.
Authority record may be in a printed or machine-readable form. It is the standardized character string established in an authority record that is used to represent an entity e. When we create the metadata description for any resource in a library catalog, the discovery of the resource is better if we use the Authorized Access Points for the person, family, corporate body, meeting name, a work, or a subject.
Awards Grants and Scholarships in Library and Information Science - Study and research awards, grants, scholarships, and fellowships in Library and Information Science for the professional development of librarians, catalogers, and information professionals.
Famous quotes describing why libraries and cataloging important and librarians and catalogers indispensable. By , MARC formats had become the national standard for dissemination of bibliographic data in the United States, and the international standard by In a provocatively titled article, library technologist Roy Tennant argued that "MARC Must Die", noting that the standard was old; used only within the library community; and designed to be a display, rather than a storage or retrieval format.
A report from the Library of Congress wrote that MARC is "based on forty-year-old techniques for data management and is out of step with programming styles of today. The Library of Congress released version 2. List of biographies of top famous librarians, catalogers, library science teachers, and Library and Information Studies professionals. This is a list of notable librarians and people who have advanced libraries and librarianship.
Also included are people primarily notable for other endeavors, such as politicians and writers, who have also worked as librarians. Cataloger's Reference Directory is a collection of top free and paid cataloging and bibliographic metadata resources.
It includes sources for descriptive cataloging, subject cataloging, authority control, classification, subject headings, subject indexing, and metadata description.
Create lists, bibliographies and reviews: or. Search WorldCat Find items in libraries near you. Advanced Search Find a Library. Your list has reached the maximum number of items. Please create a new list with a new name; move some items to a new or existing list; or delete some items. Your request to send this item has been completed.
APA 6th ed. Note: Citations are based on reference standards. However, formatting rules can vary widely between applications and fields of interest or study. The specific requirements or preferences of your reviewing publisher, classroom teacher, institution or organization should be applied. The E-mail Address es field is required.
Please enter recipient e-mail address es. Containing more than 4, alphabetically arranged entries, this resource for library and information science professionals explains the meaning of terms used in all types of libraries.
Coverage includes not only the terminology of the various specializations within the field but also the vocabulary of publishing, printing, the book trade, bibliography, telecommunications, and computer science when these definitions might prove helpful to library professionals in their work. E eb. Technology is constantly changing; what is cutting edge today is obsolete tomorrow. In this ever-evolving environment, educators, researchers and professionals of the discipline need access to the most comprehensive knowledge about the concepts, issues, trends and technologies in this hi-tech field.
The Encyclopedia of Information Science and Technology is the first work to map this ever-changing field. It is the most comprehensive, research-based encyclopedia consisting of contributions from over noted researchers in over 50 countries. This encyclopedia includes articles highlighting current concepts, issues and emerging technologies. These articles are enhanced by special attention that is paid to over 5, technical and managerial terms. These terms will each have a word description that allow the users of this extensive research source to learn the language and terminology of the field.
In addition, these volumes offer a thorough reference section with over 11, sources of information that can be accessed by scholars, students, and researchers in the field of information science and technology. H32 Oxford English Dictionary Dictionary of the English language, including etymologies and usage quotations. Oxford Reference Online Oxford Reference Online consists of a wealth of facts, figures, definitions, and translations found in dictionary, language reference, and subject reference works published by Oxford University Press.
By Hans H. New York: H. Wilson, New York: Routledge, Eighth edition by Arlene G. Littleton, Colorado: Libraries Unlimited, Introduction to Reference Work Eighth edition. By William A. Boston: McGraw-Hill, Osborne, and Douglas L. Wilson Co. Map Librarianship Third edition. By Mary Lynette Larsgaard. Montclair, N. New Haven: Yale University Press, Terry Ellmore. The Oxford English Dictionary Second edition. Edited by J.
Simpson and E. Oxford: Clarendon Press, The Oxford Thesaurus American edition. Edited by Laurence Urdang. Preservation and Management of Library Collections Second edition. By John Feather. London: Library Association, Overall, it appears to be a spin-off aimed primarily at making money rather than describing the state of the art in the twenty-first century.